Spark plugs are essential to engine performance and must be kept clean and in good working order.
While it is usually preferable to replace dirty spark plugs, cleaning them is also an option. You can effectively clean spark plugs with abrasives like a wire brush, but only if the spark plug is removed.
In fact, you can, however, clean your spark plugs without taking them off. Here’s how.
Method 1: Removing Cylinder Head
With this method, you would have to leave the spark plugs in the cylinder head first. Then, you can begin dismantling the cylinder head.
It can be arduous work, but you will have access to the plug tips for cleaning once completed.
If there is no improvement, you would have to remove the plugs and clean them with kerosene and a wire brush.
You can also replace them, which is probably the best option as most spark plugs are cost-effective.
Method 2: Use Treatment Products
One of the few additives that can be used to clean a fouled spark plug is Seafoam. Seafoam will treat fouled spark plugs as it moves across the pistons and valves in your fuel system, removing carbon deposits.
If nothing improves, remove the plugs and scrub the carbon substance with a treatment product and a wire brush for a more thorough cleaning.
Method 3: “Italian Tune-Up”
An effective way to clean your spark plugs without removing them is to drive your car to the redline.
If you’ve never heard of an “Italian tune-up,” it means driving your car hard to restore engine performance.
So, if you’re wondering how this works, the engine can rid itself of carbon deposits by driving aggressively.
Essentially, you’ll generate enough heat to cause the deposits to break apart.
Method 4: Use Water
The best way to clean spark plugs from carbureted engines is water. To clean the spark plugs and carbon off the top of the pistons, you have to run water through the carburetor.
Of course, this method would only apply to engines still using carburetors.
Causes of Spark Plug Fouling
If cleaning your spark plug does not improve engine performance, you may have a bad spark plug. That means you should think about getting a new one.
Three major things can foul a spark plug.
Number 1: Rich Fuel Mixture
Too much fuel in the cylinder can leave excess carbon. That excess carbon will begin to stick to your spark plug, slowly accumulating more carbon and degrading your plug.
Symptoms: Gray to matte black buildup over the spark plug electrode.
Number 2: Engine Oil
When the oil level rises too high, it can cause oil to splash upwards around the engine and into the cylinder, causing oil fouling of the spark plug.
Symptoms: Uneven black buildup over the spark plug
Number 3: Coolant Leak
A leaking intake manifold or a blown head gasket could be the source of the problem. Leaks can leave deposits on the electrodes and insulator, resulting in hot spots and a misfire.
Symptoms: Gray ashy appearance
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the best way to get rid of carbon built up around a spark plug electrode?
Using a wire brush and treatment fluid to clean debris from the electrode is the most effective method.
Brush the threads of the plugs gently from multiple angles to remove any remaining deposits and dirt.
You can also use a piece of sandpaper to remove any carbon deposits or stains from the surface.
Another option is to use carb cleaner sprays. Carb cleaners are the best way to remove carbon deposits, buildup, dirt, and other debris from automotive components.
What tools do I need to change spark plugs?
These should be the top six important tools you should have:
- Spark Plug Swivel Socket With Extension
- Torque Wrench
- Wire Loom Spacers
- Spark Plug Boot Puller Pliers
- Flexible hand ratchet
- Spark Plug Gap Gauge
How to fix stripped Spark Plug Hole?
HeliCoil is an option. It’s a coiled-wire thread repair insert used to create internal screw threads for standard-sized fasteners.