Have you ever wondered why the tires of the F1 cars are smooth? You might even think that such tires do not work great, but that is an important design part of ensuring the cars actually perform as expected.
The biggest reason why race cars have smooth tires is because of grip. Racing demands a lot of grip from the tires because of the turning, braking, hard acceleration, and so much more.
As you can see, the poor grip is not something you want to deal with.
The race tracks will not be the same always. That is why having a poor grip might lead to having a problem racing on different tracks.
The grip is also important for safety. You can imagine the amount of speed you will be taking and the sharp corners.
That is why the grip is vital to prevent chances of skidding. That is how you can see the drivers drifting beautifully sometimes without issues.
The smooth tires are also vital in other ways. Here are more reasons race cars have smooth tires.
Table of Contents:
1. The tires affect performance
The tires offer crucial grip affecting the race car’s performance. This implies that even if you are choosing a racecar, the tires also matter a lot. This is especially with the handling aspect of the racecar.
Another point to note is that the smooth tires are not made the same. Each brand will try to optimize performance even if the tires look the same. This is all because the compounds used in making the tires are different.
One factor affecting performance is if the tires undergo a heat cycling process. Those that do not undergo this process will perform excellently but would not have the best durability.
As such, you should be more inquisitive while purchasing the racecar wheels.
2. Some racecars are based on tires
Racecars having smooth tires is also by design. You can expect some cars to have the right type of tires based on the design and performance of the car.
It might be why some brands only make tires for specific cars. Well, it could also be business.
You can expect race car engineers to consider the tire data from tire companies such as Michelin. Once they have this data, they can understand how best to optimize the car to work with the available tires.
One thing about race cars is that they always thrive best on traction. The more the traction, the better for a person to win the race.
What some people do not understand is that racing, it is not just about more speed but traction also. Without proper traction, you may find the vehicle skidding without actually moving.
Once you have the smooth tires with the best traction, the track’s design and health also affect how much power can reach the wheels.
4. Tires can affect spring rates
The spring rates are just as important as the tires. Their work is to regulate how the car transfer’s its weight. Expect also to gain more grip during acceleration.
Based on some studies by the engineers of the racing teams, they claim that the tire sidewall, load, pressure, temperature, and size can easily affect the car’s performance.
So, you can see just how important it is for the tires to be the correct ones.
These tires would also help prevent cases of oversteering or understeering based on the spring rates.
Here is a video explaining more about F1 tires
Other Tire Types with Excellent Traction
Slicks or smooth tires have the best traction, but the Department of Transportation in the US does not approve them for road use. You can only use them on race tracks.
If you still want the best traction, you can also consider other tire types. Such tire types include including track and competition tires, grand touring tires, and all-season tires.
As for all-season tires, you can see that they would be great all year round. To ensure that such tires work great means they need to have the best traction also.
There are also the track and competition tires. These tires are all about maximum performance while driving on the road. The biggest difference will be that these tires have minimal treads compared to the normal tires you often use.
Here is a video comparing the different tire types.
Why are the race car tires smooth?
The tires on race cars are smooth to ensure there is proper contact between the tires and the road. Without the proper grip, it is hard to control the racecar and keep it from skidding while on a racecar.
Can you use smooth tires on public roads?
The lack of tire tread may lead to skidding. That is why they are not legal to use on the streets. Just make sure you can use the proper tires while driving on public roads to avoid accidents.
Also, lack of treads means driving with such tires during wet conditions is hazardous.
Why are F1 smooth tires often covered?
The F1 tires would mostly be covered for insulation. The warmers covering the tires are key for ensuring the tires remain at the right temperature for racing.
The result is that the tires will always have excellent traction from the moment the warmers are removed.